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  • Public Events: 2nd State of the Carbon Cycle Report (SOCCR-2) | United States Carbon Cycle Science Program
    The focus of SOCCR 2 is on the scientific understanding of U S national and biogeographical regions and North American carbon cycle stocks and fluxes in the context of and interactions with global scale budgets and climate change impacts in managed and unmanaged systems Carbon stocks and fluxes in soils water including oceans vegetation aquatic terrestrial interfaces coastal estuaries wetlands human settlements agriculture forestry etc are included Relevant carbon management science perspectives and support tools for supporting decisions as addressed in and related to the White House Climate Action Plan 2013 US Carbon Cycle Science Plan 2011 and National Climate Assessment USGCRP 2012 2021 Strategic Plan formally called the National Global Change Research Plan 2012 2021 and Global Change Research Act GCRA of 1990 will be included in this assessment In addition to identifying uncertainties rising opportunities for improving measurements and projections in the carbon cycle will also be identified Some SOCCR 2 public engagement events are listed below San Francisco December 2015 AGU events on the 2 nd State of the Carbon Cycle Report Oral Session Title Second State of the Carbon Cycle Report 2016 A Special Scientific Assessment of Current Status and Opportunities I Poster Session Title Second State of the Carbon Cycle Report 2016 A Special Scientific Assessment of Current Status and Opportunities II Posters Town Hall Title Decadal USGCRP Science Assessment of the Carbon Cycle in the US and North America The 2nd State of the Carbon Cycle Report SOCCR 2 Washington D C area February 2 2016 Public Forum Preliminary Announcement The February 2 2016 1 day public forum will present an opportunity for interested parties and stakeholders to provide non consensus based individual input on proposed SOCCR 2 themes The February 2 2016 public forum will be convened at the NOAA Center for Weather

    Original URL path: https://www.carboncyclescience.us/news/public-events-2nd-state-carbon-cycle-report-Dec2015-Feb2016 (2016-02-17)
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  • State of the Carbon Cycle Report (SOCCR) | United States Carbon Cycle Science Program
    the State of the Carbon Cycle Report SOCCR was released by the US Climate Change Science Program now the USGCRP on November 13 2007 The Terms of Reference for the first SOCCR 2003 prepared by the Carbon Cycle Interagency Working Group and in consultation with the Carbon Cycle Scientific Steering Group envisioned a report designed to provide accurate unbiased and policy relevant scientific information concerning the carbon cycle to a broad range of stakeholders The SOCCR Coordinating Team focused on 1 summarizing our knowledge of carbon cycle properties and changes relevant to the contributions of and impacts upon the U S and the rest of the world and 2 providing scientific information for U S decision support focused on key issues for carbon management and policy The report depends on results from comprehensive and informative programs such as the North American Carbon Program and Ocean Carbon and Climate Change Program and demands a global perspective integrating information from studies on land and in the atmosphere and oceans around the world The expected audience includes researchers decision makers in the public and private sectors and the public The Executive Summary is available here Background documents prospectus prior draft versions review comments and responses are available here http cdiac ornl gov SOCCR documents html or below Draft Versions of the Report March 2007 version of SOCCR SAP 2 2 March 2007 revision of government review draft Executive Summary Entire Document January 2007 version of SOCCR SAP 2 2 government review draft Executive Summary Entire Document September 2006 version of SOCCR SAP 2 2 CCSP public review draft Executive Summary Entire Document May 2006 version of SOCCR SAP 2 2 submitted for technical peer review Entire Document Review Comments and Responses Public Review Commments and Authors Responses Technical Peer Review Commments and Authors

    Original URL path: https://www.carboncyclescience.us/state-carbon-cycle-report-soccr (2016-02-17)
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  • U.S. Department of Agriculture | United States Carbon Cycle Science Program
    and continuous data from nation wide forest surveys and experimental forests More than a decade of focused global change research a prior decade of air pollution research and several decades of experience with integrated assessments provide a firm scientific foundation for continuing to address the challenges of global change and forest management The FS global change research program is supported by strengths of its more traditional research in areas such as ecophysiology landscape ecology watershed hydrology vegetation modeling nutrient cycling forest management and strong and productive partnerships with universities federal and state agencies NGOs and the forest industry here and abroad Overall FS R D global change research priorities involve the three areas of adaptation maintaining vegetation vitality to continue providing required ecosystem servides mitigation increasing carbon storage in soils living plants and wood products reducing fossil fuel emissions by increasing biofuel use and policy support national and international assessment writing US and UNFCCC GHG reporting Research priorities specifically focused on the carbon cycle are 1 improving observations of forest carbon stocks and flows based on development and deployment of improved field measurement techniques and measurements integration and maintaining a forest carbon monitoring program component of the interagency research effort on the North American Carbon Program 2 integrating observations with process level studies to better understand forecast and manage the relationships between carbon in forest and rangeland systems and climate 3 developing and deploying forest management systems and technologies that increase carbon sequestration provide fossil fuel offsets enhance productivity and maintain environmental quality 4 providing integrated prediction models of vegetation dynamics affecting ecosystem services particularly including carbon storage and water supplies and 5 improving technical information for forest greenhouse gas accounting rules and guidelines Back to top National Institute of Food and Agriculture The mission of USDA National Institue of Food and Agriculture NIFA is to advance knowledge for agriculture the environment human health and well being and communities by supporting research education and extension programs in the Land Grant University System and other partner organizations The agency does not perform actual research education and extension but rather manages the funding both competitive and formula based for research education and extension at the national state and local levels and provides program leadership in these areas Through grants offered by NIFA the USDA enables researchers throughout the United States to solve problems critical to our farmers consumers and communities NIFA is USDA s major extramural research agency funding both individuals and institutions Funded research programs span problems and issues encompassed within five priority science areas Global Food Security and Hunger Sustainable Energy Climate Change Childhood Obesity and Food Safety each of which includes one or more research programs each a compendium of related research education and extension activities In cooperation with public institutions private sector partners and the Land Grant University System the agency provides national leadership to promote teaching excellence enhance academic quality and develop tomorrow s scientific and profession workforce Extension programs play an important role at all land

    Original URL path: https://www.carboncyclescience.us/us-department-agriculture (2016-02-17)
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  • U.S. Department of Commerce | United States Carbon Cycle Science Program
    The agency also offers other grants to encourage work in specific fields such as precision measurement fire research and materials science Grants awards supporting research at industry academic and other institutions are available on a competitive basis through several different NIST offices NIST develops an extensive array of traceable reference materials standard reference data and calibrations including many applicable to constituents of the atmosphere While these programs are not specifically designed for carbon cycle research in general the measurements are crosscutting and have a wide range of applications from health care to the automotive industry to climate change Back to top National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration NOAA The mission of the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration NOAA is to understand and predict changes in the Earth s environment and conserve and manage coastal and marine resources to meet the Nation s economic social and environmental needs NOAA s efforts to examine the long term climate are designed to develop a predictive understanding of variability and change in the global climate system and to advance the application of this information in climate sensitive sectors through a suite of research observations and modeling and application and assessment activities NOAA s research program includes ongoing efforts in operational in situ and satellite observations with an emphasis on oceanic and atmospheric dynamics circulation and chemistry and understanding and predicting ocean land atmosphere interactions the global water cycle atmospheric composition and the role of global transfers of carbon dioxide among the atmosphere ocean and terrestrial biosphere in climate change Programs also include improvements in climate modeling prediction and information management capabilities and the projection and assessment of variability across multiple time scales the study of the relationship between the natural climate system and society and the development of methodologies for applying climate information to problems

    Original URL path: https://www.carboncyclescience.us/us-department-commerce (2016-02-17)
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  • U.S. Department of Energy | United States Carbon Cycle Science Program
    Objectives are to i provide accurate predictions of atmospheric CO2 change ii quantify terrestrial carbon sources and sinks and how they are changing in relation to other atmospheric climatologic and hydrologic influences iii assess terrestrial feedbacks on carbon cycle and climate and iv use modeling approaches TCP results from these investigations are extended to larger scales thereby contributing to continental scale analysis of carbon sources and sinks Four components of the TCP Program include AmeriFlux the FACE experiments soil carbon research and carbon cycle modeling AmeriFlux focuses primarily on net ecosystem exchange of CO2 using the eddy covariance method although data on water and energy flux are also obtained with supporting observations of ecological biological physiological processes at the ecosystem scale FACE experiments focus on the processes by which elevated CO2 eCO2 influences carbon cycle dynamics and includes measures of ecosystem level responses to eCO2 Soil carbon research involves quantification of rates and magnitudes of soil carbon accretion including processes and properties that control transformation of biomass into soil organic matter and stabilization mechanisms of the long residence time components Terrestrial carbon cycle modeling focuses on the assimilation of ecosystem scale carbon cycle processes and taking advantage of AmeriFlux FACE NACP and other data products to develop an architecture for integrating and evaluating the terrestrial carbon cycle at regional and continental scales In addition TCP supports carbon isotope tracer research as a powerful method for understanding and quantifying carbon transformations and for estimating rate parameters of terrestrial carbon processes The research involves state of the art observations and experiments that provide a quantitative and predictive understanding of the terrestrial carbon cycle processes that can affect atmospheric CO2 trends and inter annual variability which influence the CO2 forcing of climate TCP research makes significant contributions to the U S Climate Change

    Original URL path: https://www.carboncyclescience.us/us-department-energy (2016-02-17)
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  • U.S. Department of the Interior | United States Carbon Cycle Science Program
    exist in a static unchanging natural condition interrupted by the work of humans but rather it is a dynamic system of which humans are a part Understanding changes to the Earth s surface and the underlying processes that induce them has enormous impact on how society responds to these changes and ultimately the costs of responding to change United States Geological Survey USGS Global Change Research activities strive to achieve a whole system understanding of the interrelationships among Earth surface processes ecological systems and human activities Activities of the program focus on documenting analyzing and modeling the character of past and present environments and the geological biological hydrological and geochemical processes involved in environmental change so that future environmental changes and impacts can be anticipated USGS research is conducted in cooperation and partnership with other agencies and academic collaborators In direct support of the Carbon Cycle Science Program USGS activities include integrated studies in carbon sequestration in sediments landscape dynamics land use and vegetation change the fate of carbon in high latitude landscapes exchanges of greenhouse gases water vapor and heat at the Earth s surface monitoring and modeling carbon distribution and flux sensitive species ecological and biogeochemical change and

    Original URL path: https://www.carboncyclescience.us/us-department-interior (2016-02-17)
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  • National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) | United States Carbon Cycle Science Program
    and Space Administration NASA supports a balanced program of science exploration and aeronautics consistent with the agency s goals for human space flight For science the focus is in disciplines where access to space enables new scientific endeavors or enhances existing ones NASA s goal for Earth Science is to study planet Earth from space to advance scientific understanding and meet societal needs Activities toward meeting this goal include obtaining observations of the Earth system from space based and sub orbital platforms conducting research and data analysis modeling applying research results to decision support and scientific assessment Participants in the research program include scientists and engineers from academic institutions industry NASA centers and other government agencies Scientists from foreign countries also participate on a no exchange of funds basis Research topics to be solicited and missions to be pursued are identified through a strategic planning process that requires input from the scientific community responds to national priorities and international partnership opportunities and ensures consistency with NASA s Exploration Vision science mission statement and strategy documents NASA research is competed and subjected to full scientific peer review involving external and internal experts who are selected on the basis of their scientific and technical qualifications and with due attention to conflict of interest Selections are made based on overall scientific merit cost and relevance and responsiveness to the NASA science program goals and the specifics of the solicitation Interagency coordination includes established relationships for common programs with shared responsibilities as well as the structured mechanisms available through the Climate Change Science and Technology Programs Coordination that is more informal occurs at all levels through the actions of individual managers and program offices International coordination uses established bilateral or occasionally multilateral agreements with other national space agencies or through the Committee on Earth

    Original URL path: https://www.carboncyclescience.us/national-aeronautics-and-space-administration-nasa (2016-02-17)
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  • National Science Foundation (NSF) | United States Carbon Cycle Science Program
    quality research initiated extramurally in the U S scientific community Although NSF receives proposals throughout the year most programs have published target or deadline dates Submission dates remain the same from year to year for unsolicited proposals and ad hoc submission dates for special initiatives Depending upon the program proposals may be evaluated by mail review panel review or most commonly a combination of the two Funded research projects deriving from unsolicited proposals are reviewed annually by the appropriate managing program officers through a combination of annual progress reports received from principal investigators participation in professional society meetings and site visits By supporting workshops and conferences and by fostering cooperative efforts with U S and foreign agencies NSF encourages the scientific community to envision and to set forth for consideration innovative ideas for development as special research initiatives Carbon cycle science at NSF is supported by unsolicited proposals to a wide range of individual programs as well as by a changing palate of focused solicitations on particular topics PIs should explore these various avenues with the responsible program officers Particular programs to contact include the Geoscience Directorate Divisions of Oceanography Earth Science or Atmospheric Sciences the Office of Polar Programs

    Original URL path: https://www.carboncyclescience.us/national-science-foundation-nsf (2016-02-17)
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