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  • U.S. Department of Agriculture | United States Carbon Cycle Science Program
    and continuous data from nation wide forest surveys and experimental forests More than a decade of focused global change research a prior decade of air pollution research and several decades of experience with integrated assessments provide a firm scientific foundation for continuing to address the challenges of global change and forest management The FS global change research program is supported by strengths of its more traditional research in areas such as ecophysiology landscape ecology watershed hydrology vegetation modeling nutrient cycling forest management and strong and productive partnerships with universities federal and state agencies NGOs and the forest industry here and abroad Overall FS R D global change research priorities involve the three areas of adaptation maintaining vegetation vitality to continue providing required ecosystem servides mitigation increasing carbon storage in soils living plants and wood products reducing fossil fuel emissions by increasing biofuel use and policy support national and international assessment writing US and UNFCCC GHG reporting Research priorities specifically focused on the carbon cycle are 1 improving observations of forest carbon stocks and flows based on development and deployment of improved field measurement techniques and measurements integration and maintaining a forest carbon monitoring program component of the interagency research effort on the North American Carbon Program 2 integrating observations with process level studies to better understand forecast and manage the relationships between carbon in forest and rangeland systems and climate 3 developing and deploying forest management systems and technologies that increase carbon sequestration provide fossil fuel offsets enhance productivity and maintain environmental quality 4 providing integrated prediction models of vegetation dynamics affecting ecosystem services particularly including carbon storage and water supplies and 5 improving technical information for forest greenhouse gas accounting rules and guidelines Back to top National Institute of Food and Agriculture The mission of USDA National Institue of Food and Agriculture NIFA is to advance knowledge for agriculture the environment human health and well being and communities by supporting research education and extension programs in the Land Grant University System and other partner organizations The agency does not perform actual research education and extension but rather manages the funding both competitive and formula based for research education and extension at the national state and local levels and provides program leadership in these areas Through grants offered by NIFA the USDA enables researchers throughout the United States to solve problems critical to our farmers consumers and communities NIFA is USDA s major extramural research agency funding both individuals and institutions Funded research programs span problems and issues encompassed within five priority science areas Global Food Security and Hunger Sustainable Energy Climate Change Childhood Obesity and Food Safety each of which includes one or more research programs each a compendium of related research education and extension activities In cooperation with public institutions private sector partners and the Land Grant University System the agency provides national leadership to promote teaching excellence enhance academic quality and develop tomorrow s scientific and profession workforce Extension programs play an important role at all land

    Original URL path: http://www.carboncyclescience.us/us-department-agriculture (2016-02-17)
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  • U.S. Department of Commerce | United States Carbon Cycle Science Program
    The agency also offers other grants to encourage work in specific fields such as precision measurement fire research and materials science Grants awards supporting research at industry academic and other institutions are available on a competitive basis through several different NIST offices NIST develops an extensive array of traceable reference materials standard reference data and calibrations including many applicable to constituents of the atmosphere While these programs are not specifically designed for carbon cycle research in general the measurements are crosscutting and have a wide range of applications from health care to the automotive industry to climate change Back to top National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration NOAA The mission of the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration NOAA is to understand and predict changes in the Earth s environment and conserve and manage coastal and marine resources to meet the Nation s economic social and environmental needs NOAA s efforts to examine the long term climate are designed to develop a predictive understanding of variability and change in the global climate system and to advance the application of this information in climate sensitive sectors through a suite of research observations and modeling and application and assessment activities NOAA s research program includes ongoing efforts in operational in situ and satellite observations with an emphasis on oceanic and atmospheric dynamics circulation and chemistry and understanding and predicting ocean land atmosphere interactions the global water cycle atmospheric composition and the role of global transfers of carbon dioxide among the atmosphere ocean and terrestrial biosphere in climate change Programs also include improvements in climate modeling prediction and information management capabilities and the projection and assessment of variability across multiple time scales the study of the relationship between the natural climate system and society and the development of methodologies for applying climate information to problems

    Original URL path: http://www.carboncyclescience.us/us-department-commerce (2016-02-17)
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  • U.S. Department of Energy | United States Carbon Cycle Science Program
    Objectives are to i provide accurate predictions of atmospheric CO2 change ii quantify terrestrial carbon sources and sinks and how they are changing in relation to other atmospheric climatologic and hydrologic influences iii assess terrestrial feedbacks on carbon cycle and climate and iv use modeling approaches TCP results from these investigations are extended to larger scales thereby contributing to continental scale analysis of carbon sources and sinks Four components of the TCP Program include AmeriFlux the FACE experiments soil carbon research and carbon cycle modeling AmeriFlux focuses primarily on net ecosystem exchange of CO2 using the eddy covariance method although data on water and energy flux are also obtained with supporting observations of ecological biological physiological processes at the ecosystem scale FACE experiments focus on the processes by which elevated CO2 eCO2 influences carbon cycle dynamics and includes measures of ecosystem level responses to eCO2 Soil carbon research involves quantification of rates and magnitudes of soil carbon accretion including processes and properties that control transformation of biomass into soil organic matter and stabilization mechanisms of the long residence time components Terrestrial carbon cycle modeling focuses on the assimilation of ecosystem scale carbon cycle processes and taking advantage of AmeriFlux FACE NACP and other data products to develop an architecture for integrating and evaluating the terrestrial carbon cycle at regional and continental scales In addition TCP supports carbon isotope tracer research as a powerful method for understanding and quantifying carbon transformations and for estimating rate parameters of terrestrial carbon processes The research involves state of the art observations and experiments that provide a quantitative and predictive understanding of the terrestrial carbon cycle processes that can affect atmospheric CO2 trends and inter annual variability which influence the CO2 forcing of climate TCP research makes significant contributions to the U S Climate Change

    Original URL path: http://www.carboncyclescience.us/us-department-energy (2016-02-17)
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  • U.S. Department of the Interior | United States Carbon Cycle Science Program
    exist in a static unchanging natural condition interrupted by the work of humans but rather it is a dynamic system of which humans are a part Understanding changes to the Earth s surface and the underlying processes that induce them has enormous impact on how society responds to these changes and ultimately the costs of responding to change United States Geological Survey USGS Global Change Research activities strive to achieve a whole system understanding of the interrelationships among Earth surface processes ecological systems and human activities Activities of the program focus on documenting analyzing and modeling the character of past and present environments and the geological biological hydrological and geochemical processes involved in environmental change so that future environmental changes and impacts can be anticipated USGS research is conducted in cooperation and partnership with other agencies and academic collaborators In direct support of the Carbon Cycle Science Program USGS activities include integrated studies in carbon sequestration in sediments landscape dynamics land use and vegetation change the fate of carbon in high latitude landscapes exchanges of greenhouse gases water vapor and heat at the Earth s surface monitoring and modeling carbon distribution and flux sensitive species ecological and biogeochemical change and

    Original URL path: http://www.carboncyclescience.us/us-department-interior (2016-02-17)
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  • National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) | United States Carbon Cycle Science Program
    and Space Administration NASA supports a balanced program of science exploration and aeronautics consistent with the agency s goals for human space flight For science the focus is in disciplines where access to space enables new scientific endeavors or enhances existing ones NASA s goal for Earth Science is to study planet Earth from space to advance scientific understanding and meet societal needs Activities toward meeting this goal include obtaining observations of the Earth system from space based and sub orbital platforms conducting research and data analysis modeling applying research results to decision support and scientific assessment Participants in the research program include scientists and engineers from academic institutions industry NASA centers and other government agencies Scientists from foreign countries also participate on a no exchange of funds basis Research topics to be solicited and missions to be pursued are identified through a strategic planning process that requires input from the scientific community responds to national priorities and international partnership opportunities and ensures consistency with NASA s Exploration Vision science mission statement and strategy documents NASA research is competed and subjected to full scientific peer review involving external and internal experts who are selected on the basis of their scientific and technical qualifications and with due attention to conflict of interest Selections are made based on overall scientific merit cost and relevance and responsiveness to the NASA science program goals and the specifics of the solicitation Interagency coordination includes established relationships for common programs with shared responsibilities as well as the structured mechanisms available through the Climate Change Science and Technology Programs Coordination that is more informal occurs at all levels through the actions of individual managers and program offices International coordination uses established bilateral or occasionally multilateral agreements with other national space agencies or through the Committee on Earth

    Original URL path: http://www.carboncyclescience.us/national-aeronautics-and-space-administration-nasa (2016-02-17)
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  • National Science Foundation (NSF) | United States Carbon Cycle Science Program
    quality research initiated extramurally in the U S scientific community Although NSF receives proposals throughout the year most programs have published target or deadline dates Submission dates remain the same from year to year for unsolicited proposals and ad hoc submission dates for special initiatives Depending upon the program proposals may be evaluated by mail review panel review or most commonly a combination of the two Funded research projects deriving from unsolicited proposals are reviewed annually by the appropriate managing program officers through a combination of annual progress reports received from principal investigators participation in professional society meetings and site visits By supporting workshops and conferences and by fostering cooperative efforts with U S and foreign agencies NSF encourages the scientific community to envision and to set forth for consideration innovative ideas for development as special research initiatives Carbon cycle science at NSF is supported by unsolicited proposals to a wide range of individual programs as well as by a changing palate of focused solicitations on particular topics PIs should explore these various avenues with the responsible program officers Particular programs to contact include the Geoscience Directorate Divisions of Oceanography Earth Science or Atmospheric Sciences the Office of Polar Programs

    Original URL path: http://www.carboncyclescience.us/national-science-foundation-nsf (2016-02-17)
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  • Gyami Shrestha, Ph.D. | United States Carbon Cycle Science Program
    research writing and peer reviewer recruitment to finalize the landmark 2010 America s Climate Choices ACC Science Panel Report In addition to a stint as a Teaching Fellow for Environmental Science and Policy Gyami s recent scientific investigations include terrestrial carbon with a focus on pyrolized carbon char charcoal soot black carbon prescribed forest fire impacts soil carbon sequestration land restoration In the early days of her global change focused career Gyami investigated and worked on stakeholder analysis and decision support tool development pertaining to reclaimed land management rainwater harvesting energy saving sustainable resources management improved cookstoves and gender mainstreaming via participatory tech transfer In her spare time Gyami served on Advisory Boards and Committees for the University of California and the Nepalese Children s Education Fund In 2014 Gyami also completed a Non Profit Executive Management Certificate Program from the Georgetown University Center for Public and Non Profit Leadership at the McCourt School of Public Policy Subsequently in 2015 she completed the First Internal Assessment of the U S Carbon Cycle Science Program and Office for a Strategic Planning Framework Additional Training Science Communication Training American Geophysical Union 2012 Summer Science Policy Colloquium American Meteorological Society 2010 Future Geoscience Faculty Preparation Workshop at Stanford University National Association of Geoscience Teachers NAGT 2010 Climate Finance Legal Regulatory Course at COP15 Copenhagen Centre for International Sustainable Development Law International Development Law Organization CISDL IDLO 2009 Climate Air Pollution Health International Biennial Colloquium National Center for Atmospheric Research 2009 Radiocarbon Analysis for Ecology Earth Science UC Irvine W M Keck Carbon Cycle Accelerator Mass Spectrometry Laboratory 2008 Atmospheric Aerosols Health AAH intensive courses on air quality environmental justice UC Davis 2007 2008 Selected PUBLICATIONS Cooley S R E B Jewett J Reichert L Robbins G Shrestha D Wieczorek and S B Weisberg 2015 Getting ocean acidification on decision makers to do lists Dissecting the process through case studies Oceanography 28 2 198 211 http dx doi org 10 5670 oceanog 2015 42 Patricia Romero Lankao Kevin Gurney Karen Seto Mikhail Chester Riley Duren Sara Hughes Lucy Hutyra Peter Marcotulio Lawrence Baker Nancy Grimm Christopher A Kennedy Elisabeth Larson Stephanie Pincetl Daniel Runfola Landy Sanchez Peña Gyami Shrestha Andrea Sarzynski Johannes J Feddema Joshua Sperling and Eleanor Stokes A critical knowledge pathway to low carbon sustainable futures integrated understanding of urbanization urban areas and carbon Earth s Future 2014 Lucy R Hutyra Riley Duren Kevin R Gurney Nancy Grimm Eric A Kort Elisabeth Larson Gyami Shrestha Urbanization and the carbon cycle Current capabilities and research outlook from the natural sciences perspective Earth s Future 2014 Michalak A D Huntzinger and G Shrestha 2013 Progress and Future Directions in North American Carbon Cycle Science Eos Trans AGU 94 20 184 Shrestha G Traina S J Swanston C W 2010 Black Carbon s Properties and Role in the Environment A Comprehensive Review Sustainability 2 1 294 320 Shrestha G Behre Asefaw A Swanston C and Traina S J 2009 Prescribed fires in California black carbon

    Original URL path: http://www.carboncyclescience.us/Gyami-Shrestha (2016-02-17)
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  • Roger B. Hanson, Ph.D. | United States Carbon Cycle Science Program
    Science Program Office since January 2005 Before his present position he served eight years as Director of the JGOFS International Project Office in Bergen Norway In this position he provided overall scientific leadership in the daily operations of the Joint Global Ocean Flux Study managing up to half million dollar budget annually and three staff In this role he contributed scientific administrative and financial support to the Scientific Steering Committee in the investigation of past trends and emerging issues in global ocean biogeochemistry Hanson currently provides direct support to the Carbon Cycle Interagency Working Group under the auspices of the U S Global Change Research Program on matters such as science activities program management annual budgets and financial issues He also represents the interagency group on carbon cycle science issues with the U S Global Change Research Program with identified links to carbon cycle science He also acts as a liaison with international carbon cycle science programs under Earth System Science Partners in particular the Global Carbon Project In other capacities he supports the interagency working group in preparing topic white papers science plans and program accomplishments analyzing the scope of federal carbon cycle research projects informing the interagency group

    Original URL path: http://www.carboncyclescience.us/hanson (2016-02-17)
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