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  • Paper: Managing the carbon cycle requires strong science | United States Carbon Cycle Science Program
    plans that include both short and long term interdisciplinary strategies for the carbon cycle science needed to support climate policy already exist e g Michalak et al 2011 Ciais et al 2014 Now is the time for their implementation The PDF of this paper is available here Some excerpts from the paper are below Current Understanding On timescales relevant to current policy the global carbon cycle can be considered a closed system in which anthropogenic carbon put into the atmosphere must either remain there or be absorbed into the terrestrial biosphere or the oceans Since 2007 the Global Carbon Project an international partnership of carbon cycle scientists has used this closed system approach to produce annual global carbon budgets Le Quéré et al 2014 Estimating regional carbon fluxes and budgets and their temporal change however is much more challenging Schuster et al 2013 King et al 2015 largely because many processes occurring in human terrestrial and oceanic systems are poorly understood For example urban areas are responsible for up to 76 of humans carbon dioxide emissions but much uncertainty remains regarding how these urban contributions are regionally distributed and connected with rural emissions Romero Lankao et al 2014 Management Opportunities for Carbon Sinks But incorporating carbon into land and water management decisions will require better knowledge of how carbon moves through and is transformed within these systems We must also know how to keep carbon within these systems for the long term and how to quantify lateral flux losses Uncertainty in the mechanisms of carbon sinks must be low enough to provide confidence that a policy will lead to sufficient carbon storage especially if a price is placed on carbon The mechanistic understanding required for effective support of such policy developments remains a major step beyond globally integrated budgets which

    Original URL path: http://www.carboncyclescience.us/news/paper-managing-carbon-cycle-requires-strong-science (2016-02-17)
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  • Global Carbon Budget 2015 Release - data, tools, videos, links, papers | United States Carbon Cycle Science Program
    growth in global emissions of 0 3 to 1 0 per year Emissions in China After rising 6 7 per year in the past decade China s emissions growth slowed to 1 2 in 2014 and is expected to decline in 2015 by about 4 with a large uncertainty range of 4 6 to 1 1 This was caused by stable in 2014 and decreased in 2015 coal consumption Considerable uncertainty is associated with estimates of China s national emissions Our growth rates for years after 2011 including our projection for China for 2015 are based on recently revised data 58 of the increase in China s primary energy consumption from 2013 2014 came from non fossil fuel sources mainly hydro but also nuclear and other renewables compared with 24 for increased natural gas and 17 for oil CO 2 partition among the atmosphere ocean and land The ocean sink removed 10 7 8 9 to 12 6 GtCO 2 while the land sink exhibited one of the largest sink of the past 60 years removing 15 0 11 7 to 18 2 GtCO 2 comparable to the extraordinary sink in 2011 during La Nina episode Consequently the atmospheric CO 2 accumulation was below average Atmospheric CO 2 levels have reached 400 parts per million ppm in 2015 44 above pre industrial levels data NOAA ESRL This is the highest level in at least the last 800 000 years Cumulative Emissions Cumulative emissions since year 1870 to 2015 are 2035 1830 to 2240 GtCO 2 including emissions from fossil fuels industry and land use change Global emissions need to decrease to near zero to stop the rise in atmospheric CO 2 and achieve climate stabilisation at any level This implies that there is a fixed cumulative carbon quota available to keep global average temperature below a desired stabilisation level The remaining carbon quota to stay under 2 C 66 probability has shrunk to 865 515 to 1115 GtCO 2 corresponding to about 15 30 years at current emissions level when accounting for the uncertainty total cumulative budget as in IPCC Synthesis Report Negative Emission Technologies Most climate stabilisation scenarios designed to stay below two degrees use new technologies that remove large quantities of carbon from the atmosphere At present Bioenergy with Carbon Capture and Storage is the main technology used in scenarios to remove carbon from the atmosphere Carbon dioxide removal implies that the fixed carbon quota required to stabilise climate at a given temperature level can be temporarily exceeded Our new analysis on the potential large scale deployment of bioenergy with carbon capture and storage show that there are biophysical and socioeconomic constraints that might limit the amount of negative emissions that can be deployed based on current generation of bioenergy systems At present growth rates of emissions and given the size of the remaining CO 2 emissions quota to avoid exceeding two degrees requires urgent and widespread implementation of mitigation implying a rapid decoupling of GDP growth from

    Original URL path: http://www.carboncyclescience.us/news/global-carbon-budget-2015-release-data-tools-videos-links-papers (2016-02-17)
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  • Draft Update to the 2012-2021 USGCRP Strategic Plan: public review period | United States Carbon Cycle Science Program
    Atlas US Soil Carbon Rapid Assessment Gallery News Opportunities Contact Us Search form Search You are here Home Draft Update to the 2012 2021 USGCRP Strategic Plan public review period November 30 2015 Washington D C The Draft of the Update to the 2012 2021 U S Global Change Research Program USGCRP Strategic Plan is now available for public review The public comment period will extend through January 30 and there will be a review of the Update by the Committee to Advise USGCRP part of the National Academies of Sciences Engineering and Medicine cross posted from globalchange gov The U S Global Change Research Program is three years into the implementation of its decadal Strategic Plan This public comment period invites the public to provide comments and feedback on a triennial update to the USGCRP Strategic Plan Please visit review globalchange gov to access the draft and provide comments Comments are due on 1 30 16 Consult the Federal Register Notice for more information You will need to create an account to access the Update and review it This page last updated 12 01 2015 11 45 Privacy Contact US Search Login U S Global Change Research Program usa

    Original URL path: http://www.carboncyclescience.us/news/draft-update-2012-2021-usgcrp-strategic-plan-public-review-period (2016-02-17)
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  • News and Opportunities | United States Carbon Cycle Science Program
    cycle science from the community and inform the 2nd State of the Carbon Cycle Report SOCCR 2 October 2015 Funding Opportunity Announcement DOE 2016 Environmental System Science The focus is on measurements experiments modeling or synthesis to provide improved quantitative and predictive understanding of terrestrial ecosystem and or subsurface processes that can affect the cycling and transport of carbon water nutrients and contaminants Preliminary Announcement Workshop to celebrate 2015 International Year of Soil Understanding Soil s Resilience and Vulnerability to discuss the capacity for resilience and vulnerability of soil carbon in response to climate change Draft Strategic Science Plan ready for community review and public comment Arctic COLORS Arctic COastal Land Ocean inteRactions NASA is particularly looking for feedback to improve the strategic science plan under consideration including feedback on the science questions approaches measurements Announcing AGU 2015 sessions on the 2nd State of the Carbon Cycle Report SOCCR 2 opportunities for the greater geophysical community to learn about and provide feedback on the 2nd State of the Carbon Cycle Report SOCCR 2 that we are in the process of planning September 2015 Public Comment Period Climate Change Global Food Security and the U S Food System 30 day public comment period for an interagency assessment report August 2015 Workshop Announcement Global Science and Data Network for Coastal Blue Carbon Scientists coastal practitioners and other data users will discuss how the network and database should be structured Carbon Cycle Science at the Frontier of Global Change at ESA Centennial meeting Participants learned about the USGCRP annual research prioritization process as well as partnerships and opportunities July 2015 Establishment of the Advisory Committee for the Sustained National Climate Assessment and Solicitation for Nominations for Membership to provide advice on sustained assessment activities and products including engagement of stakeholders Nominations deadline September

    Original URL path: http://www.carboncyclescience.us/news?page=1 (2016-02-17)
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  • News and Opportunities | United States Carbon Cycle Science Program
    and Budget OMB June 2015 Special Issue REgional Carbon Cycle Assessment and Processes RECCAP An international effort to establish the mean carbon balance and change over the period 1990 2009 for all subcontinents and ocean basins Special issue Ocean Acidification Despite the rapid growth in ocean acidification research there are still many unanswered scientific and societal questions posed by coastal resource users and decision makers 14th Global Carbon Project Meeting The Scientific Steering Committee of the Global Carbon Project met in Oslo Submit your abstract to our AGU 2015 session Second State of the Carbon Cycle Report 2016 Abstracts informing and related to this Special Scientific Assessment of the Current Status and Opportunities in carbon cycle science across terrestrial atmospheric and oceanic systems are requested May 2015 USGCRP s FY16 Annual Report to Congress released The FY16 Our Changing Planet Report a supplement to the President s budget summarizes the USGCRP s advancements toward achieving its scientific goals delivering on its Congressional mandate supporting the President s Climate Action Plan and building a knowledge base that effectively informs human responses to global change USGCRP Selects Scenarios for Next National Climate Assessment Analyses of impacts vulnerability and adaptation responses will be framed by RCPs 8 5 and 4 5 as high and low emissions scenarios respectively Other scenarios for example RCP 2 6 will be included on an as needed basis such as in analyses of mitigation impacts 30th Biannual CCSSG meeting and 2nd State of the Carbon Cycle Report SOCCR 2 Planning Meeting The CCIWG will meet with the CCSSG for individual input on carbon cycle science needs and opportunities Request for Information Public Input on the Sustained Assessment Process of the U S National Climate Assessment The White House has issued a Federal Register Notice for engagement activities of

    Original URL path: http://www.carboncyclescience.us/news?page=2 (2016-02-17)
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  • News and Opportunities | United States Carbon Cycle Science Program
    Paris White House announces Actions to Cut Methane Emissions A new goal to cut U S methane emissions from the oil and gas sector by 40 45 from 2012 levels by 2025 2014 December 2014 CCIWG sessions and presentations at the 2014 AGU Fall meeting Global Approaches to Advance Interdisciplinary Earth Sciences Coordinated carbon cycle research achievements and opportunities for innovation November 2014 New U S GHG reduction target announced 2025 Target to Cut U S Climate Pollution by 26 28 from 2005 Levels Second series of Earth Venture suborbital EVS 2 investigation announced quick turnaround projects recommended by the National Research Council in 2007 selected for NASA funding at a total cost of no more than 30 million over five years airborne field campaigns will investigate how long range air pollution warming ocean waters and fires in Africa affect our climate Special Thematic Set Urbanization Carbon Cycle and Climate Change As products of the 2013 workshop sponsored by the U S Carbon Cycle Science Program these papers demonstrate convincingly that an integrated approach to urbanization and the carbon cycle is overdue 29th Carbon Cycle Scientific Steering Group CCSSG Meeting The CCSSG is meeting with the CCIWG October 2014 USGCRP s FY15 Annual Report to Congress released Overview of the USGCRP research enterprise and recent highlights that demonstrate how the Program is meeting the mandate of the Global Change Research Act and fulfilling its 2012 2021 Strategic Plan White House Priority Agenda on Enhancing Climate Resilience Foster climate resilient lands and waters Manage and enhance U S carbon sinks Enhance community preparedness and resilience by utilizing and sustaining natural resources Modernize Federal programs investments and delivery of services to build resilience and enhance sequestration of biological carbon 2013 CCIWG NASA ROSES Carbon Cycle Research Awards announced Forty one proposals from

    Original URL path: http://www.carboncyclescience.us/news?page=3 (2016-02-17)
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  • News and Opportunities | United States Carbon Cycle Science Program
    Cities Climate Finance Leadership Alliance Executive Order on Climate Resilient International Development WMO s 2014 Greenhouse Gas Bulletin released Between 1990 and 2013 a 34 increase in radiative forcing or atmospheric heat trapping caused by long lived greenhouse gases such as carbon dioxide methane and nitrous oxide Global Carbon Budget for 2014 released The 2014 Budget comprises four analyses that present emissions data for 2013 projections for 2014 and implications for future climate change and energy choices The Global Carbon Atlas worldwide and by country Human Carbon Interactions in Urban Systems Publications accepted Conceptualized during the the CCIWG US Carbon Cycle Science sponsored Workshop on Human Carbon Interactions in Urban Systems August 2014 Coastal CARbon Synthesis CCARS Community Workshop completion and Science Plan initiation Since its initiation in 2007 this activity has brought together scientists involved in two core elements of the USGCRP the North American Carbon Program NACP and the Ocean Carbon and Biogeochemistry Program OCB NASA Carbon Monitoring System CMS Selections Posted investigations to advance the development of a carbon monitoring system CMS Emphasis is directed towards continued development of CMS pilot studies and acquisition field sampling quantification and development of prototype Monitoring Reporting and Verification MRV system capabilities 2015 PI Meeting of the North American Carbon Program call for abstracts and breakouts of interest to AmeriFlux Fluxnet NACP CarboNA principal investigators researchers students those interested in the carbon cycle of North America adjacent coastal waters scientists and government managers associated with US Canadian and Mexican Carbon Programs social scientists policy makers stakeholders and others seeking to improve the scientific basis of decision making July 2014 New Funding Opportunity US Department of Energy Environmental System Science Applications should focus on measurements experiments modeling or synthesis to provide improved quantitative and predictive understanding of terrestrial ecosystems White House Science

    Original URL path: http://www.carboncyclescience.us/news?page=4 (2016-02-17)
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  • News and Opportunities | United States Carbon Cycle Science Program
    of the Earth s land surfaces oceans and atmosphere New Federal Funding Opportunity ocean acidification Regional Ecosystem Prediction Program Center for Sponsored Coastal Ocean Research Multiple effects of ocean acidification and nutrient loading to coastal marine ecosystems June 2014 Carbon storage and GHG fluxes in ecosystems of the eastern U S The third USGS biological carbon assessment fulfills the requirements of section 712 of the Energy Independence and Security Act of 2007 Save the Date 5th North American Carbon Program Principal Investigators Meeting PIM5 To be convened January 26 29 2015 PIM5 will be followed by a principal investigators meeting focused on AmeriFlux on January 29 30 2015 and preceded by a workshop on Data Management Practices for Early Career Scientists on the afternoon of Sunday January 25 2015 May 2014 Third National Climate Assessment Climate Change Impacts in the United States released Where and how to access print order the report major findings carbon cycle in the NCA April 2014 NEW Call for Proposals Carbon Monitoring System CMS Ammendment CCIWG member NASA s CMS Continuing Prototype Product Development Research and Scoping activity focuses on pilot studies acquisition field sampling quantification and development of prototype MRV system capabilities for transparent data products achieving levels of precision and accuracy required by current carbon trading protocols 28th Carbon Cycle Scientific Steering Group Meeting Announcement This meeting will be held from May 8 to 9 2014 March 2014 Methane Emissions Reduction Strategy released by the White House Key U S actions to improve methane emissions measurement and monitoring Ocean Acidification Strategic Plan released The Plan addresses the increasing impacts of ocean coastal and estuarine acidification traced back to anthropogenic atmospheric inputs to the oceans as well as anthropogenic effects on land based runoff that can drive respiration induced acidification President s FY15 Science

    Original URL path: http://www.carboncyclescience.us/news?page=5 (2016-02-17)
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