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    Johnston b 1768 Female Female Male Male Male Missing Patience married Martin J Boatright before 1807 1820 Census 1820 Lexington Co SC p 45 George Steedham 230001 30101 0900 2011 4210 Male 45 George Steedman b 1763 Female 45 Priscilla Johnston b 1768 Female 16 26 Hannah Steedman b 1792 Male 10 16 John Steedman b 1805 Male 10 16 George Steedman Jr b 1806 Male 10 16 Anderson Steedman b 1808 Male Male Female Female Female 1830 Census 1830 Lexington Co SC p 363 Geo Steedman 000 010 001 0000 002 010 000 0000 Male 60 70 George Steedman b 1763 Female 20 30 Sarah Chisholm housekeeper Male 20 30 Female 10 15 Rachel Barton Female 10 15 Eliza Barton Died 11 Nov 1838 Lexington Co SC Buried Aft 11 Nov 1838 Steedman Cemetery Lexington Co SC Person ID I42956 Stedman Steadman Steedman Families of the New World Last Modified 26 Jun 2012 Father John Steedman b Bef 5 May 1715 St Monance Parish County Fife Scotland UK d 1795 North Fork Edisto Lexington Co SC Age 79 years Mother Elizabeth Anderson b Abt 1735 d 1779 Age 44 years Married Abt 1762 Charleston Charleston Co SC Alt Marriage 1762 St Monance Parish County Fife Scotland UK Family ID F14454 Group Sheet Family 1 Elizabeth Betsey Howard b 1765 Union Co SC d 1793 TN Age 28 years Married Abt 1783 Children 1 Patience Steedman b 17 Feb 1784 Lexington Co SC d Aft 1860 Age 76 years 2 Sarah Steedman b 15 Dec 1786 Lexington Co SC d Aft 1841 Age 55 years 3 Hannah Steedman b 28 Aug 1792 Lexington Co SC d Abt 1820 Lexington Co SC Age 27 years Last Modified 7 Jan 2006 Family ID F14552 Group Sheet Family 2 Mary Polly Barton d

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    well and exact as could be The heritage is this Galiardus Stedman duke in Arabia banished by King Erigonus came to England at time of Richard Coeur de Lion went with him to Holy Land siege of Aron Received the Holy order of the Sepulchre with Jespah Croft and John de Harley When back in England married Margret Tatsall daughter of Richard Tatsall the younger brother of Roberts Lord Tatsall he had four sons by her Heugh the eldest he placed in Essex John the second in Staffs this was the Shropshire branch of the Stedman family Richard was placed in Wales Thomas the fourth died without issue in Ireland Sent by Thomas Stedman Bridgnorth see also 3614 3 2 3 FILE Letter from Thomas Stedman to cousin Stedman ref XD3614 3 1 2 date 26 Aug 1699 Contents 1 Encloses draft of arms as refined and exact as could be 2 History of Stedman pedigree in England as follows Galiardus Stedman copy of 3614 3 1 FILE Proposed Arms sketch included ref XD3614 3 1 3 date 31 May 1785 Contents A Letter from Balliol College Oxford to cousin Stedman from John Baldwin 1 Thanks for tokens from latter and grandsire 2 Thanks news of cousin Isabella s marriage and Mr Thomas Brompton with whom he was by sheer accident related 3 Regarding finances bursary bill wishes money sent expeditiously 4 Sends note of particulars of heredity but this by no means exhausts it B 1 Enclosed a draught of his Arms as exactly as could be pen drawn 2 Pedigree Galiardus Stedman was a Duke in Arabia came to England in time of Richard Coeur de Lion after being banished by Erigonus Went with former to Holy Land for good services at Fight of Aron given order of

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    Info What s New Most Wanted Reports Statistics Trees Branches Notes Sources Repositories Contact Us Search Advanced Search First Name Last Name ID Share Print Bookmark Susan Stedman 1565 Individual Ancestors Descendants Relationship Timeline Suggest Personal Information Event Map All PDF Name Susan Stedman Born Scotland UK Gender Female Alt Birth Abt 1490 Scotland UK Died 1565 Scotland UK Person ID I39052 Stedman Families of the United Kingdom Father Charles Stedman of Leith b Leith Midlothian Scotland UK d Unknown Leith Midlothian Scotland UK Mother Janet Neilson b Scotland UK d Unknown Scotland UK Alt Marriage Bef 1490 Scotland UK Family ID F14663 Group Sheet Family Alexander Barton b Scotland UK d Aft 1572 Scotland UK Married Scotland UK Alt Marriage Abt 1509 Co Fife Scotland UK Children 1 John Barton of Bowton b Scotland UK d Abt 1583 2 Alexander Stedman b Leith Midlothian Scotland UK d 1593 Kinross Kinross Scotland UK 3 Susan Barton b Scotland UK d Bef 1565 4 David Barton of Bowton b Scotland UK d Aft 1583 5 Christian Barton b Scotland UK d 1596 Last Modified 9 Feb 2010 Family ID F14661 Group Sheet Event Map Born Scotland UK Alt Birth Abt 1490

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    Lead and Gala Hill Kinross and of Little Seggie and Ballingall Kinross shire married Agnes daughter of Michael Henderson of Turfhills in the same county Robert left three sons 1 James the eldest succeeded to the lands of Little Seggie which became the designation of his family He was also seized in the lands of Milnathort Kinross shire in 1648 Born in 1598 he died in 1686 He married Euphan daughter of James Dempster of Tillyochie Kinross shire 2 John He succeeded to his father s property in lands and houses in Kinross He married Jean Dempster of Tillyochie and died in 1673 3 Robert He succeeded to the lands of Ballingall which became the designation of his family He was twice married and left issue James Stedman of Little Seggie the eldest son had a son the Rev Robert Stedman for 5 2 years minister of Carriden Linlithgowshire In the old churchyard of the parish there is a monument to his memory erected by his relict Sarah daughter of Sir Alexander Inglis of Inglistown in that county He joined the protesting party in the Church of Scotland and was deposed in 1661 Subsequently he was restored and was the first moderator of the presbytery of Linlithgow Nov 30 1687 Born in 1625 he died in 1701 He left four sons Alexander James Robert and John 1 Alexander ordained minister of Beith Fifeshire in 1691 succeeded his father in Little Seggie 2 James born in 1662 married Janet Bairdie Linlithgow He predeceased his father without male issue At the base of the public fountain in Linlithgow there was in 1843 a large tombstone of Dutch marble removed from the burial ground of Linlithgow Cathedral with the remains of an inscription Here lyes the Body of Janet Bairdie spows of Stedman and the figures 67 supposed to be her age 3 Robert born in 1667 like his ancestors the Bartons seems early to have been prepossessed in favour of a maritime life He became the owner and commander of a ship which traded between Borrowstownness and Holland He extended his voyages to Denmark Norway and Sweden and in course of time became possessed of no fewer than 13 ships He amassed considerable wealth which he ultimately lost He died in 1738 By his wife Margaret daughter of Edward Jossey of West Pans East Lothian he had several sons Edward the eldest born in 1699 was minister of Haddington and died in 1756 Alexander the 3d son born in 1703 and educated for the Scottish bar was distinguished as a sound lawyer and profound mathematician He joined the Pretender in 1745 and with his brothers John and Charles was taken prisoner at Culloden They all effected their escape Alexander and Charles to America and John to Rotterdam Alexander settled in Philadelphia where he practised his profession with great success and having made his peace with the mother country was appointed a judge of the supreme court of Pennsylvania March 19 1764 On the declaration of Independence of the American Colonies he returned to Scotland and subsequently went to Swansea in Wales where he died at the advanced age of 91 His son Charles Stedman born in 1753 on the revolt of the American colonies joined the British forces and was placed at the head of the commissariat department Soon after the battle of Brooklyn in 1776 he was made prisoner and carried to New York The rapid advance of the British army caused the Americans to abandon that city ill haste and he was released In 1780 he was again taken prisoner while commanding a foraging party in the vicinity of Springfield Burlington New Jersey but made his escape He was appointed aide de camp to Baron Linsingen then in command of the auxiliary Hessian troops retaining his commissary powers Owing to the scarcity of provisions a rifle corps of German emigrants was raised to the number of 400 and being placed under his command proved an efficient foraging force At the battle of Guildford Court house March 15 1781 he was wounded in his sword hand in single combat with an American dragoon and was only saved from being cut down by the appearance of a British light horseman who slew his adversary At the peace of 1783 he came to England and retired on the half pay of a colonel He was the author of a History of the American War published in 1794 In 1797 through the influence of the Marquis Cornwallis he was appointed deputy comptroller and accountant general of the revenue of stamps an office created on the occasion He died in 1812 and was succeeded in his office by his only son John born in 1786 In 1813 the latter was appointed civil secretary at Gibraltar and registrar of the Supreme Court of Appeal and in 1816 one of the judges of the Court of Admiralty there 4 John Stedman of Wester Baldridge Fifeshire Born in 1678 he was ordained in 1699 minister of Dalmeny Linlithgowshire and in 1710 translated to the Tron church Edinburgh He died in 1713 By his wife Jean 2d daughter of Rev John Kinnaird minister of East Calder he had three sons Robert Alexander and John and six daughters Robert Stedman the eldest son born in 1701 entered in 1730 as ensign in the Scots brigade in the Dutch service and rose to the rank of lieutenant colonel He was at the battles of Fontenoy and Rocroix and the sieges of Dendermond and Bergen op Zoom and died at Breda in 1770 He left two sons John Gabriel born 1741 and William George born 1748 both lieut colonels in the Scots brigade Dutch service John Gabriel the elder son was infelt in Ernieside Kinross shire in 1791 In 1796 he published a Narrative of a Five Years Expedition against the revolted Negroes of Surinam from 1772 to 1777 The same year he was appointed to the command of a British regiment of the line then in garrison at Gibraltar but was prevented by an accident from joining it and died in 1797 Alexander the 2d son died at Jamaica unmarried John the 3d son born in 1710 was in 1740 appointed surgeon to the North British dragoons or Scots Greys He afterwards practised as a physician in Dunfermline and subsequently settled in Edinburgh Besides several medical treatises he was the author of Laelius and Hortensia or Thoughts on the Nature and Objects of Taste and Genius He succeeded to Little Seggie in 1765 and married Peggy daughter of Robert Wellwood of Pitliver Perthshire He died in 1791 Lieutenant colonel John Gabriel Stedman of Ernieside had 3 sons 1 William George born 1784 who succeeded him in that property He was a lieutenant in the royal navy and was killed while boarding a French privateer off the island of Cuba 2 Robert Adrian born in 1790 lieutenant colonel 1st light cavalry in the East India Company s service and C B He succeeded his brother in Ernieside in 1812 He was at the battle of Aliwal in the Punjab Jan 28 1846 and was mentioned with high praise in the despatch of Sir Harry Smith the commander in chief He died at sea April 12 1849 on his voyage home after having served 41 years in India A monument to his memory is erected at Cawnpore by his brother officers 3 John Cambridge born in 1796 a captain 34th light infantry East India Company s service was killed in 1834 in battle in Burmah Lieutenant colonel William George Stedman had an only son Lieut general John Andrew Stedman born in 1788 who entered the Dutch service as a cadet and rose to the rank of lieutenant general On 17th and 18th June 1815 he covered with the Dutch troops the right wing of the allied army and the road from Mons to Brussels under the command of the Duke of Wellington He received several orders of knighthood and was made by Louis XVIII an officer of the Legion of Honour He died in 1824 His only son Charles John William became a naturalized subject of Prussia and Baron de Stedman in that kingdom Historical and statistical account of Dunfermline Volume 2 1859 By Peter Chalmers pp 303 308 WARDLAW FAMILY Pp 301 5 556 7 576 Henry Wardlaw styled at p 302 Archbishop was I think merely Bishop He was nephew of Cardinal Walter Wardlaw and after being precentor of the Cathedral Church of Glasgow of which his uncle was bishop was raised to the episcopal office in St Andrews on the death of Bishop Stuart which occurred after an episcopate of only six months Soon after his consecration the Earl of Northumberland arrived at St Andrews being banished from England by Henry IV and was honourably and hospitably entertained by him The earl left with him his nephew Henry Percy who for the two following years under the care of Wardlaw was the companion of the only surviving son of Robert III afterwards James I till it was attempted to remove the latter for his greater safety to France when he was captured on his way by the English fleet In 1411 Wardlaw founded the university and in 1424 crowned James I and his queen at Scone in presence of the clergy and nobles He is said to have erected the Gair Bridge over the Eden He died in 1440 and was interred in the cathedral During his episcopate Besby and Craw the two earliest of the Scottish martyrs suffered by the flames of persecution the former at Perth and the latter at St Andrews Roams s Hist of St Andrew p 33 There is an old house in the Kirkgate Dunfermline opposite to the north gate of the churchyard long known as the Old Inn which is said to have been the town residence of Sir Henry Wardlaw treasurer to King James VI and Anne his queen It was previously the property of the Marquess of Tweeddale as noted by me in the ground plan Plate No I and there is a disposition of it from him and his son Lord Yester which I have seen to a Margaret Anderson It narrates that they obtained a decreet of adjudication in July 1698 against William Dempster son and apparent heir of the deceased Eobert Dempster late Chamberlain in Dunfermline and against Barbara Dempster only child of the second marriage to the said uncle Robert Dempster and their tutors and curators adjudging all and haill ane tenement of land high and laigh lying within the burgh of Dunfermline near to the Kirk style c The deed is signed by Tweeddale and Yester I have seen also another deed of date 1777 when the property appears to have passed into the hands of Mr James Beveridge writer Dunfermline father it is understood of Mr Thomas Beveridge one of the Depute Clerks of Session From the trustees of this Mr James Beveridge Sir David Wardlaw of Pitreavie seems to have acquired the property by disposition dated 9th and 12th December 1790 and Miss Jane Wardlaw only daughter of Sir John Wardlaw Bart both of whom I knew while they resided in Dunfermline nearly forty years since made up her title to it as heiress to her grandfather in 1823 on the first day of which year her father died and sold it in the same year to the late Mr Taylor grocer Kirkgate This amiable lady whose married life was a very checkered one died May 23 1855 and I had the melancholy satisfaction of accompanying her remains to St Cuthbert s Churchyard Edinburgh Her husband Andrew Clarke Esq late of Comrie Castle in Culross parish died at Whitby Yorkshire May 2 1858 The still surviving representative of the Wardlaws of Pitreavie is Sir William Wardlaw the 13th Bart bom 1794 residing in Edinburgh PITLIVER AND KEAVIL FAMILIES Pp 158 9 305 528 30 The Laird of Garvock who had bought Pitliver from the Dempsters made it his residence towards the end of the 17th century in consequence of the burgesses of Dunfermline who had a right to use the wood of Garvock for repairs having cut a large portion of the trees after the great fire which took place in the town in 1624 detailed at pp 270 271 and 514 of first volume There is the following notice of Pitliver as the property of the Welwood family in the Dunfermline Register of Births and Baptisms for March 1761 Robert Welwood of Pitliver had a son born to him of his wife Mary Preston March 15 and baptised March 20 named James witnesses Sir George Preston of Valleyfield and Kobert Welwood of Garvock Esq There is another entry September 1764 Mr Robert Welwood of Pitliver advocate had a son born to him of bis wife Mary Preston September 8 baptised 18th named Andrew Moffat witnesses Sir George Preston of Valleyfield and Major Robert Preston I shall give in the sequel a Genealogical Table of the Wellwoods and some other families in the parish including the Stedmans one of whom was an eminent medical gentleman Dr John Stedman I have been favoured with the following list of the latter s publications by Charles von Barton alias Stedman of Besselich Abbey near Coblenz on the Rhine a very interesting gentleman with whom I have had much pleasing and useful correspondence Dr John Steedman or Stedman was his great grand uncle first a surgeon major to the regiment of the Royal Grey Dragoons afterwards for years a physician in Dunfermline and ultimately in Edinburgh His published works were Osteology 1 vol Os non modicum de Oesophago exemptum Edin 1734 Essays of the Edinburgh Society Thermometrical Tables and Observations Philos Trans 1751 Letter to Dr Pringle Medical Observations by the Soc of Physs Lond 1764 Letter on the Epidemic Fever in the Country about Dunfermline in 1758 Med Obs London 1764 On Tobacco Opium Emetics etc Essays of the Edin Soc passim The Effects of Hyosciamus Albus or White Henbane PhiL Trans 1751 Physiological Essays and Observations Edin 1769 8vo On Triangles described in Circles and about them Phil Trans 1775 Of the Degrees and Quantity of Winds requisite to move heavier Kinds of Wind Machines Phil Trans 1777 The Study of Astronomy adapted to the Capacities of Youth with plates Lond 1796 Laelius and Hortensia Thoughts on the Nature and Objects of Taste and Genius Edin 1782 8vo Horace s Art of Poetry Translated On the Constitution of the Roman Legion It is supposed that after a long practice at Dunfermline and by his treatises and books he acquired his reputation which he sustained till his death in 1791 This eminent Physician and Professor married Margaret styled usually and in the parish record Miss Peggy daughter of Robert Welwood second son of Robert Welwood of Touch and Garvock in December 1754 by whom he had four daughters two of whom are remembered as visitors in the first Lord Meadowbank s house in Edinburgh One of them Susan married Mr David Wardlaw of Netherbeath who resided in Dunfermline corresponding with an entry in the Marriage Register of Dunfermline that on July 31 1779 Mr David Wardlaw in this parish and Miss Susan Steedman in the parish of Canongate Edinburgh gave in their names for proclamation in order to marriage and being regularly proclaimed and no objections made they were married There was of this marriage one descendant Agnes who was married to the late eminent physician Dr John Abercrombie Edinburgh who by his marriage it is believed obtained a very considerable fortune which he bequeathed as well as his own to his family of daughters one of whom Susan is married to the Rev John Bruce D D minister of Free St Andrew s Church Edinburgh proprietor of Netherbeath in this parish A sister of Mrs Dr Stedman Catherine married the Rev Sir William Moncreiff Bart minister of Blackford from which marriage the late Rev Sir Henry Welwood Moncreiff Bart and his eldest son the deceased eminent Judge Lord Moncreiff were descended Dr Stedman s second daughter Jean married Captain John Christie brother of Admiral Alex Christie of Baberton in the county of Mid Lothian a property situated near Meadowbank in that county the estate of the present retired Judge A Maconochie Welwood Esq now possessed by Archibald Christie Esq son of the AdmiraL Charles von Barton alias Stedman after persevering inquiries in this country as well as on the Continent in order to establish his claim to be ranked not among the titled persons noblesse titrée i e baronets viscounts earls marquesses dukes and princes but only among such as are high and well born gentlemen anciently styled of gentle blood and arms intimated by the particle Von meaning De before his name and the junction of the two names De Barton alias Stedman was at last successful and he has favoured me with the following extract from a Register of the Prussian Nobility published by the Baron von Ledebur Member of the Royal Court of Heralds in which he is thus mentioned Stedman that is De Barton alias Stedman Parted per pale dexter gules 3 snails erect or for Barton Sinister argent 3 leaves of sea holly thistle conjoined proper for Stedman Armorials of the Scots Heralds Workman Pont Nisbet etc 1529 1542 1623 1704 etc The pedigree authentically proved goes back to Radulphus de Barton before 1189 probably of the same family as the De Barton in Bretagne and Normandy gules annulets or Admiral Sir Andrew ob 1511 Charles de Barton m Susan Stedman and assumed her name and arms joined to his own 1565 She was descended from Patricius St Edinburgh 1369 Several Sts were authors One branch was since 1729 in Holland viz Robert Lieut Colonel Scots Brigade service of the States General of Holland ob 1770 George Major same Brigade ob

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    It has already been shown that his father must have been amongst those who were seized in the Juliana thrown into a fishing boat and set adrift because he afterwards appeared in Lisbon Andrew may have shared the same fate and escaped from Lisbon after the murder of his father or he may have been of the number that were made slaves and have been ransomed a practice then common Either of these modes of release would probably take much time to effect and he may not have arrived in Scotland before the Letters of James IV were issued Certain however it is that he did arrive for the Letters of James show that he represented the whole of the outrage of 1476 to him With respect to the sum of 12 000 Portuguese ducats being fixed as the amount of injury it has been suggested by Pinkerton and with great reason that there must be some error and that a much larger amount was named Doubloons was probably the coin specified which taken at a moderate average of 4 sterling each would produce a total of 48 000 a large sum certainly with reference to the period but not greater than the value of the Juliana with all her costly goods may be supposed to have been worth It is a fact most extraordinary that the action of the Letters of Reprisal extend over a period of nearly a century In 1543 Arran the Regent gave Letters of Reprisal to John Barton Grandson of the first John the victim of 1476 Those Letters bear that Gaspar Apalha was sent to Scotland in the reign of James V to have the original cause solemnly tried and that it was given against the Portuguese who however continued to neglect the payment It was not until 4th June 1563 that the letters were formally recalled by Mary Stuart Queen of Scots 1542 1567 As the result of these Letters proved to be eventually of such vast importance nothing less indeed according to historians of the time than one great cause of war between England and Scotland which terminated in the death of King James IV at the Battle of Flodden Field Moreover as it was fighting under the authority of these Letters that Sir Andrew was slain I have deemed it expedient here to give a detailed account of them It has been asserted by English historians that Sir Andrew did not confine himself within the limits of his commission but that he exceeded it by searching English ships under the pretense of their having Portuguese goods on boards and of appropriating them wherever he found them He is moreover accused though without any proof of having taken English ships freighted with Portuguese goods and it was alleged that no English ship could safely navigate the narrow seas There can be no doubt that Sir Andrew scoured the coasts of Portugal watched the ships of that country withersoever bound seized many of them and interrupted their commerce to a very considerable extent as he was authorized in those acts by virtue of his Letters of Reprisal Whether those Letters were just or unjust whether legal or otherwise was neither matter of scrutiny nor consideration for Sir Andrew that was the affair of the Sovereign and his Council for which they alone were responsible Such was the vigor and success with which Sir Andrew pursued his course that his very name was a terror to the Portuguese They were driven to the expedient of transmitting their goods to England in English ships thinking the flag of that nation might protect them from the attacks of Sir Andrew and thus prove a security to them But aware of the device Sir Andrew did not hesitate to attack such vessels and seize the Portuguese goods found on board English merchants said these acts were piratical and they frequently and perseveringly laid their complains before the Council by whom they were coldly received and as often rejected The Portuguese merchants also complained to their King who thereupon represented to the King of England how the subjects of the former were molested on the English coast and their commerce interrupted The King of Portugal then demanded of Henry as his ancient ally to clear the seas of Sir Andrew The Portuguese Ambassador warmly urged that he had by his conduct usurped the narrow seas Moved by such incitements The Duke of Norfolk at that time Treasurer rose from his seat in the Council and declared that while he had an estate that could furnish a ship or a son capable of commanding one the narrow seas should not be infested The spirited declaration was worthy the noble Howard although perhaps more gallant than prudent opposed as it was to the opinion of the other Members of the Council all or at least most of them conspicuous and pre eminent for their talents and statesman like endowments They were William Warham Archbishop of Canterbury and Lord Chancellor Richard Fox Bishop of Winchester Secretary and Lord Privy Seal Thomas Howard Earl of Surrey Lord Treasurer George Talbot Earl of Shrewsbury Lord Steward of the King s Household Sir Charles Somerset Lord Herbert of Gower Chepstow and Ragland Lord Chamberlain Sir Thomas Lovel Master of Wards and Constable of the Tower Sir Henry Wyatt Thomas Ruthall L L D Sir Edward Poynings Knight of the Garter Controller Lard Marney Lord Darcy The apparent frankness of the declaration of the Duke of Norfolk by no means precludes the probability of an understanding between His Grace and Henry that the Duke should make that declaration at the Council after the Portuguese Ambassador had proposed to Henry his device to destroy Sir Andrew Barton It might be to screen Henry from the ignominy or originating an outrageous attack upon a subject and personal friend of his brother in law It is not to be credited that the Duke would have dared to utter such a declaration without the previous consent of Henry who was far too jealous of his own paramount and exclusive authority to allow a subject to initiate and promulgate any ministerial design Surry durst better Have burnt that tongue than said so Permission was then given by Henry to the Duke to fit out two ships and Lord Thomas Howard and Sir Edward Howard sons of the Duke were appointed to command them for the purpose of intercepting and attacking Sir Andrew Here it is to be observed that no regular commission or authority was granted to them but merely a permission That is Henry connived both at the armament and its object yet declined to sanction them under authority as James had openly and avowedly done by granting Letters of Reprisal to Sir Andrew and his brothers in due legal official form and announced with all publicity What may have been the reasons that prevailed on the Council so repeatedly to refuse to listen to the complaints of English merchants do not appear to be recorded but be they what they may they could not have arisen from the apprehension that a favorable attention to them would have been unwelcome to their Sovereign whose violent hostility against the King of Scotland was matter of public notoriety and with whom it was equally notorious that Henry was in way desirous to maintain a good understanding but rather to pick a quarrel with him notwithstanding the Treaty of Peace lately entered into between the two Monarchs Nor could they have been from the fear that an exhausted treasury forbade the policy or prudence of entering into a war because Henry in coming but lately to the throne had succeeded to the possession of all the accumulated and vast wealth of his father It is a fair inference then that the Council were influenced by the knowledge that the course pursued by Sir Andrew was at least permitted by the custom of the age if it were not as is understood consistent with the Law of Nations That the inference is correct is beyond assumption as the exploits of Sir Andrew were subsequently fully and formally acknowledged to be lawful The truth or falsehood of the charges against Sir Andrew are now to be investigated According to Lesley Bishop of Ross who wrote his celebrated History of Scotland about 1560 John and Andrew Barton who had requested and obtained from the King of Scotland Letters of Reprisal against the Portuguese after coasting along the shores of Portugal and plundering many vessels returned to Scotland loaded with merchandise of very considerable value which kind of plunder so often repeated by the Bartons caused the Portuguese to make a bitter outcry to their King himself against the Scots as being a set of nefarious robbers But neither the King of Portugal by his counsel nor the Portuguese themselves by their own strength could ever restrain the Bartons fortified by their King s Letters from attacking despoiling and destroying the Portuguese vessels whenever they fell in with them So that it may not appear a manifest wrong committed by the Bartons but rather a most just cause for it arising from the Portuguese we will insert in this place the precise Letters of our King James V as they are found in the Archives which he wrote on the subject to John III King of Portugal from which it will be most clearly plain whether the fault is to be justly attributed to the Scots or the Portuguese The entire letter which sets forth the whole affair of 1476 says towards the conclusion But if it should seem to you a matter to be passed over We entreat your Serene Highness to consider that We cannot be wanting towards our subjects injured as they are in the most serious manner and to whom it will at least be permitted to avail themselves of the Law of Nations according to the measure of the act of plunder and the injury consequent there Hence is appears that James V full justified Sir Andrew Buchanan whose History of Scotland was published 1582 says that Sir Andrew under authority of his Letters of Reprisal did much mischief to the Portuguese He assigns as the reason for Sir Andrew being attacked by the Howards that the Portuguese Ambassador came to Henry VIII and told him that the man who had done so much mischief to the ancient allies of England was both daring and brave and would assuredly be his future enemy when he made war against France as it was expected would soon be the case and that he might now easily be cut off and if the fact happened to be condemned as illegal it might be excused under pretense of his exercising Piracy that if he would do this he might prevent the losses of his own subjects and also very much gratify their King his friend and ally Henry was thus easily persuaded to entrap Sir Andrew and in order to compass it he sent the Howards to waylay him in the Downs Now Buchanan was born six years before the death of Sir Andrew he was Preceptor to James VI and resident at the Court nearly the last twenty years of his life and had thus the opportunity of being in communication with Sir Andrew s contemporaries and must also have had access to the Scottish Archives yet he is silent as to any charge of piracy against Sir Andrew It is to be remembered too that Buchanan was celebrated not less as a classical scholar than for his scrupulous veracity as an historian If then he had discovered any original documents relative to Sir Andrew s alleged piracy he would doubtless have given them publicity Hall and Hollingshead the earliest English chroniclers of the times whose compilations were published in 1543 and 1587 give nearly the same account with each other the latter copying from the former almost word for word and says the King Henry VIII being at Leicester heard tidings that one Andrew Breton a Scottishman and pirate of the sea saying that the King of Scotland had war with the Portugals robbed every nation and stopped the King s streams that no merchant almost could pass and when he took Englishmen s goods he bare them in hand that they were Portugal s goods and thus he hunted and robbed at every haven s mouth Stow in his Annals published 1631 copies his account verbatim from Hollingshead Lord Herbert of Cherbury the panegyrist of Henry VIII in his History of that Monarch s reign says that Sir Andrew seized on divers lesser English barques upon pretence of carrying Portugal goods and pillaged them Echard in his history of England published 1720 copies his account of Sir Andrew from Lord Herbert Abercromby in his History of the Martial Achievements of Scots Nation from 1319 to 1514 published 1725 relates his account of Sir Andrew taking English ships on pretense of their carrying Portuguese goods as he acknowledges from English authors But he declares expressly that he sees no proof of it and moreover adds If Sir Andrew did so Henry VIII ought in reason and justice to have complained to his brother in law with whom he had so lately renewed the peace and if justice had been refused it was then time enough to make use of Reprisals But he took another course He forthwith appointed the two sons of the Earl of Surrey to do justice to his subjects by force Maitland in his History of Scotland published 1757 copying almost verbatim from Abercromby says that Sir Andrew took several English vessels on pretense of their carrying Portuguese goods according to English authors as the Portuguese ambassador warmly urged and thus usurped Henry s sovereignty of the narrow seas Maitland questions the fact also Pinkerton whose History of Scotland from the accession of the House of Stuart to that of Mary published in 1797 says that The original papers and letters are profoundly silent concerning Sir Andrew And yet most absurdly adds perhaps his acts of piracy were proved to James IV when that the original letter of James IV to Henry VIII dated Edinburgh 26 July 1513 two years after the death of Sir Andrew positively declares that The latter was slaughtered by Henry s own command when he had neither offended him nor his subjects in anything And which of course acquits him of piracy It may be fairly asked if the fact of Sir Andrew s piracy is not to be found in original papers and letters where is it to be sought for Their very silence ought to be taken as an admission of the falsehood of the charge Another sagacious perhaps of Pinkerton is that The affair was left to the Commissioners at the Border meeting Even so those Commissioners justified Sir Andrew for at that very Meeting in June 1513 Henry s own Commissioners confessed the wrongs to Scotland many ways especially the slaughter of Barton and taking of his ships It has already been shown that Henry never publicly sanctioned by any legal form or declaration the appointment of the Howards but that he connived at it and it is now shown that his own Commissioners condemned their condemned their Sovereign s act and declared Sir Andrew slaughtered or murdered Tytler in his History of Scotland repeats the story against Sir Andrew in this manner Protected by their Letters of Reprisal and preserving as it would appear an hereditary animosity against the Portuguese the Bartons had fitted out some Privateers which scoured the Western Ocean took many prizes and detained and searched the English merchantmen under the pretense that they had Portuguese goods on board It is well known that at this period 1511 and even so late as the days of Drake and Cavendish 1592 1596 the line between piracy and legitimate warfare was not precisely defined and there is reason to suspect that the Scottish merchants having found the vindication of their own wrongs a profitable speculation were disposed to push their retaliation to an extent so far beyond the individual losses they had suffered that their hostilities became almost piratical So at least it appeared to the English Even here there is no direct charge of piracy but a suspicion of acts almost piratical as it appeared to the English And it may be justly enquired why is Sir Andrew to be accused and condemned by English authors for the alleged infraction of a principle not established for nearly a century subsequent to his death I have now passed in review the statements of the chief historians both English and Scottish relative to the charges against Sir Andrew Barton and I hesitate not to record my conviction that he was basely meanly murdered by the most ferocious and sanguinary monarch that ever sat upon the English throne With respect to the assertion that Sir Andrew preserved an hereditary animosity against the Portuguese it is but equitable to observe that he had special cause of aggravation His father had been cruelly murdered by the Portuguese and although three successive Sovereigns had granted the issue of Letters of Reprisal under the authority of which he was allowed to retaliate and satisfy his loss and injuries yet from peculiar circumstances their action was delayed The chequered the tantalizing course of these frequent grants scarcely made when revoked shows how often the longed for cup uplifted to the lip was dashed from it But the hour of retaliation had now arrived and Sir Andrew was to give at length his famished soul revenge He was a native of the North with whom at that period revenge was virtue and when the means were in his power to have left unexpiated the manes of a murdered Father he would have been upbraided and stigmatized with

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    1744 Netherlands Gender Male Died 7 Mar 1797 Tiverton Devon England UK Buried Aft 7 Mar 1797 Bickleigh Devon England UK Book Article 1806 London Middlesex England UK Narrative of a five year s expedition in Surinam by Capt J G Stedman Vol 2 Narrative of a five year s expedition in Surinam by Capt J G Stedman Vol 2 Book Article 1813 London Middlesex England UK Narrative of a five year s expedition in Surinam by Capt J G Stedman Vol 2 Narrative of a Five Years Expedition by Captain John Gabriel Stedman Narrative of a five year s expedition in Surinam by Capt J G Stedman Vol 2 Notes Seized in ie inherited Earnieside Kinross shire in 1791 Lt Col British Army 1795 Author of Narrative of an Expedition to Suriname 1796 Person ID I4298 Stedman Families of the United Kingdom Last Modified 8 Jun 2012 Father Lt Col Robert Stedman b 11 Dec 1701 Dalmeny Midlothian Scotland UK d 2 Jun 1770 Age 68 years Mother Antoinetta Christina van Ceulen b 1710 Bergen op Zoom Noord Brabant Netherlands d 1788 Age 78 years Married 1735 Family ID F1425 Group Sheet Family Adriana Wiertz van Coehorn d 1829 Maastricht Limburg Netherlands Married Bef 1783 Children 1 Sophia Charlotte Stedman b 1778 d 1821 Age 43 years 2 Lt George William Stedman b 2 Dec 1784 Tiverton Devon England UK d 1803 Cuba Age 18 years 3 Lt Col Sir Robert Adrian Stedman C B b 3 Oct 1789 Tiverton Devon England UK d 12 Apr 1849 Age 59 years 4 Maria Johanna Stedman b 1795 d 1864 Age 69 years 5 Capt John Cambridge Stedman b 8 Oct 1796 Tiverton Devon England UK d 1834 Burmah Samangan Samangân Afghanistan Age 37 years Last Modified 8 Aug 2010 Family

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    came by way of the Bay of Fundy and docked at a natural bluff previously used by the French near the present Starr s Point on Minas Basin The civic center that was established nearby was named Town Plot It was headquarters for the Township of Cornwallis which was an area about 12miles by 12 miles i e extending westward to present Berwick John Steadman was a surveyor and assisted in laying out the Township He received a grant of 1000 acres the usual size of a grant which was in part woods part so called dyke land and part farm land A five acre plot in the Canard River Valley that remained in the family until 1941 probably was in the grant The main tract could have been a wide strip running from near the center of Billtown toward North Mountain Much of the property must have been sold off later Billtown was founded in 1770 It is about four miles west from Starr s Point At present the place name Cornwallis is only the name of a crossroad in a farming region between Canning and Centerville But at this place there is the St John s Episcopal Church that was established in 1760 According to Dr Eaton the Benjamin Steadman family were members there in 1811 The present building is not the original one nor it is exactly at the initial site We do not know where John and his wife are buried Person ID I279 Stedman Steadman Steedman Families of the New World Last Modified 7 Jan 2006 Father Capt Thomas Stedman b Abt 1701 New London New London Co CT d 9 Apr 1772 South Kingstown Washington Co RI Age 71 years Mother Hannah McCoon b 18 May 1706 Kingstown Washington Co RI d 20 Feb 1791 probably South Kingstown Washington Co RI Age 84 years Married 9 May 1724 2 Family ID F141 Group Sheet Family 1 Parthenia Bethany Gracey b Shrewsbury Monmouth Co NJ d Bef 1760 Married 29 Jan 1745 46 Shrewsbury Monmouth Co NJ Children 1 Matthew Gracy Steadman b 4 Jul 1748 South Kingstown Washington Co RI d Unknown 2 Martha Steadman b 18 Nov 1750 South Kingstown Washington Co RI d 20 Dec 1802 Horton Kings Co Nova Scotia Canada Age 52 years 3 Parthenia Bethany Gracey Steadman b Abt 1752 South Kingstown Washington Co RI d Unknown 4 Mary McCoone Steadman b Abt 1754 South Kingstown Washington Co RI d 24 Jul 1814 South Kingstown Washington Co RI Age 60 years Last Modified 7 Jan 2006 Family ID F146 Group Sheet Family 2 Frances Congdon b 17 Jul 1737 North Kingstown Washington Co RI d Aft 1777 Cornwallis Kings Co Nova Scotia Canada Age 40 years Married 19 Jun 1760 South Kingstown Washington Co RI Children 1 Enoch Steadman b 1761 Cornwallis Kings Co Nova Scotia Canada d 1812 Cornwallis Kings Co Nova Scotia Canada Age 51 years 2 Benjamin Steadman b Bef 1763 Washington Co RI d Aft

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    Wanted Reports Statistics Trees Branches Notes Sources Repositories Contact Us Search Advanced Search First Name Last Name ID Share Print Bookmark Charles John William von Stedman of Besselich Abbey near Coblentz 1804 Unknown Individual Ancestors Descendants Relationship Timeline Suggest Personal Information All PDF Name Charles John William von Stedman Suffix of Besselich Abbey near Coblentz Born 1804 Gender Male Name Charles John William von Barton Died Unknown Person ID I7641 Stedman Families of the United Kingdom Last Modified 5 Jul 2011 Father Lt Gen John Andrew Stedman Knt b 1778 Zutphen Gelderland Netherlands d 1833 Nimègue Gelderland Netherlands Age 55 years Mother Nicola Gertrude van de Poll b 1779 d Unknown Family ID F3852 Group Sheet Family Maria Agnes von Born b 1808 d Unknown Married 1832 Children 1 Gertrudis Agnes Raphaella von Stedman b 1833 d 1834 Age 1 years 2 Gertrudis Theodore Engelina von Stedman b 1834 d Unknown 3 Bertha Jacoba Adelheida von Stedman b 1836 d Unknown 4 Walter Frank Wendelin Andrew Florian von Stedman b 1837 d 1838 Age 1 years 5 Walter John Anton Vincent Florian von Stedman b 1839 d Unknown 6 Hilda Anna Paula Embeda von Stedman b 1841 d Unknown 7

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